You must have seen Naga Sadhus in Mahakumbh, Arthkumbh, and Simhasthakumbh. By looking at them, you often raise the question in mind of everyone-who are these Naga Sadhus, where do they come from and where do go after the Kumbh ends? Let’s talk about the most mysterious people of Hinduism.
“Naga” is very old; the word is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Nag’, which means ‘mountain’. People living on it are called ‘hill’ or ‘Naga’. ‘Naga’ means ‘naked’. There is also a very old history of Nagavans and Naga castes in India. Many Shaivite sects have been recognized as the beginning of many saints’ culture and tradition.
Since ancient times in India, people of Nagvanshi, S Naga caste, and Dasamani sects have come. A community of North India “Nath Sect” also belongs to the Dasamani sect. “Naga” is referred to as ‘Ek Bahadur Fighter’, as we know- the foundation of the present form of Sanatan Dharma is the divine Shankaracharya had kept.
Shankaracharya was born in the middle of the 8th century. At that time India was very prosperous, but it started to oppose religion. All the attackers were coming here to loot India’s wealth. Some took treasure back with them, and then some were fascinated by the divine aura of India that settled here.
But overall the general peace-order was disrupted. God, religion, theology had to face all kind of challenges, logic, weapon, and science. In this way, Adi Shankaracharya took many major steps for the restoration of Santan Dharma, one of which was to construct four peaks (four dhams) on four corners of the country.
Adiguru Adi Shankaracharya felt that it was not enough to counter these challenges only with spiritual power. For this, there is a need for religious people to fight with unrighteous people. Then he emphasized that by exercising the young monk, strengthening his body and acquiring skill in the weapon.
For this, he built some monasteries which used to exercise and practice various types of weaponry; such monasteries are used for the arena.
Shankaracharya suggested to the akharas- use the power on the need to protect monasteries, temples, and pilgrims. In this way, during this period of foreign and heterosexual invasions, these akharas provided protection to One India. In the event of foreign invasion, Naga warrior sages participated in many wars.
Even before the arrival of the army during the first attack of Mohammed Gauri in the time of Prithviraj Chauhan, Naga Sadhus had surrounded Gauri army in Kurukshetra, when the Gauri army was trying to disperse the temples of Kurukshetra and Pehove. After that, the army of Prithvi Raj had cut Gauri’s army in Tarain (Tarawadi).
In the Kumbha after this war, to give respect to Naga warriors, Prithviraj Chauhan had given the right to take bath first in Kumbh. Since then, this tradition has come that the first bath of the Kumbh will celebrate Naga. These Naga religion warriors not only fought one but also fought against foreign invaders in many wars.
After the robbery of Delhi, the “Taimur Lang”, which came out of Haridwar’s demolition, was killed by the Nagas in the battle of Jwalapur near Haridwar. At the time of the attack Timur, most of the King was hiding in fear. Along with Jograj Singh Gurjar, Harveer Jat, Ram Puri, Dhulaldari, etc., Naga Warriors forced Timur Lang to escape from India.
Similarly, during the attack of Khaliji, warrior sadhus of Nath sect fought hard. During the invasion of Ahmed Shah Abdali, when the kings of North India suppressed the nota and the Maratha army was defeated in Panipat, 40,000 Naga warriors had fought against Abdali to protect Mathura-Vrindavan-Gokul.
When Peshwa Madhavrao invaded Afghanistan for revenge of Panipat’s defeat, then Naga warriors had killed local helpers of Abdali. In this way, you may have understood now that the protector of Naga Sadhu Sanatan Dharma is a warrior. Staying away from worldly pleasures, they only live for Dharma.
Now let’s talk about who is the Naga Sadhus and how they are formed. Nagas have to be different and special from the common world. The process of becoming a Naga Sage is very difficult. To become a Naga Sage, you have to undergo such difficult examinations that perhaps no ordinary person can overcome it, this process takes many years to complete.
When a person goes to an orchard to become a monk, he is never included directly in the arena, first, the akhada will find out at his level why he wants to be a saint? The entire background of that person and his family is seen. First of all, it is introduced to the hardships of Naga monk life.
If the Akhara thinks that he is the right person to become a monk, then he gets permission to enter the arena. After entering the arena, he is given the education of celibacy. His tenacity, brahmacharya, disciplined meditation, sannyas and discipline and loyalty to religion are examined in a major way.
It takes 6 months to 12 years. If the Arena decides that it has been worth the initiation then it is taken to the next process. After this, he makes his Shraddha, Mundan, and Pindada and is kept in the Sanyas religion by taking the Guru Mantra. To make your Shraddha break the relation with worldly relatives.
In many aakhras, women are also given the initiation of Naga Sadhu. By the way, the rules of the female Naga Sadhu and the male Naga Sadhu are the same, the only difference is that the woman Naga sadhu has to wrap a yellow cloth and keep this garment has to wear and dip. They are not allowed to have nude baths.
The person who passes successfully from the examination to follow Brahmacharya, then he is made a great man from Brahmacharya. His five gurus are made. These five Guru Punch Dev or Punch God (Shiva, Vishnu, Shakti, Sun and Ganesha) are there. These things are consumed like saffron and rudraksha etc. These are symbols and ornaments of Nagas.
After the great men, the Nagas are made into Avadhoota. First of all, he has to cut his hair. In the form of an avadhoota, the person who initiates the initiation has to do his own pinnacle and sacrifice. These Pindas make priests of the Akhara. Now they are dead for the world and the family. Their only aim is to protect Sanatan and Vedic religion.
Naga sadhus are not allowed to wear clothes too. If you want to wear clothes, you can wear a Garuda colored Naga only. Naga sadhus are allowed to consume only on the body. Naga sadhus have to wear Vibhuti and Rudraksha, they have to sacrifice their peak and keep the yoke.
Naga sadhus have to eat only once in 24 hours. That food has also been asked for alms. A Naga Sadhu has the right to take alms from as many as seven houses. If there is no begging for asking for begging from seven houses, then he cannot even go for a beggar in the eighth house. He has to be hungry that day.
Naga sadhu cannot use the bed, cot or any other means for sleeping. Naga sadhus sleep only on earth, this is a very strict rule, which every Naga Sage has to follow. After the initiation, he has to keep complete faith in the gurmantra he met from the master. All the penance of his future is based on the same guru mantra.
In addition to the Kumbh Mela, Naga sadhus are completely away from ordinary accumulation and make harsh tenets in caves and kandras. These people reside outside the settlement. They do not bow to anyone and only salute the Saints. There are other such rules that every Naga Sadhus who take initiation have to follow.
The Nagas are considered not just a monk but a warrior. They are master of the art of war, the master of the angry and strong body. Often Naga Sadhus take with them the sword, axis or trident. These weapons are proof of their being the warrior, it is compulsory to keep a limb in the navy. The tongs are also weapons and their tools are also available.
The Naga Sages give blessings to their devotees by touching the tongs. It is believed that – the well-known Naga sadhu peamata touches it becomes welfare. Since the arrival of modern firearms, these akhadas have abandoned their traditional military character. Now, in these akhadas , meditation on living a life restrained while complying with unity values.
At present, there are 13 major akhadas , each of which has a prominent place on top. The Naga who got a title in the Kumbh of Prayagraj, the bloody Naga in Ujjain, the Blister Naga in Haridwar and the person who got the title in Nasik was called Khichadiya Naga. From this, it is possible to know that in which Kumbh it has been made a Naga.
The names of these major akharas are: Sri Niranjani Akhara, Mr. Junadatt or Juna Akhara, Sri Mahanirvana Akhara, Shri Atal Akhara, Sri Avelan Akhara, Shri Anand Akhara, Sri Panchagani Arena, Sri Nagakanti Gorakhnath Akhada, Shri Vaishnav Akhada, Shri Nasin Panchayati Big The Akhara, Shri Nasin New Arena, Sri Nirmal Panchayati Arena, Nirmohi Akhara.
According to Priority, they are given posts such as Kotwal, Pujari, Bada Kotwal, Bhandari, Kothari, Bada Kothari, Mahant and Secretary. The biggest and important position is of the Secretary. Naga Sage lives in the ashram and temples of the Akhara. And spend life in the caves of the Himalayas or the high mountains to perform penance.